Surname Saturday – My Boone Ancestors and Relations

I decided to take the month of October off from my 52 Ancestors writings, the prompts for this month just didn’t appeal to me, but the November prompts are awesome! And in my opinion were more fitting for the month of October. So, I’ll be back with those writings come November. Until then I decided to utilize a past writing prompt called Surname Saturday.

This Saturday I chose to write about the surname Boone in my family tree.

My Boone ancestor is my 7th great-grandmother Jane Boone. She was born by 1660. It is thought she was born in Colonial Maryland in Anne Arundel County; the county was formed in 1650.

Her parentage is unconfirmed, but it is known that she and Capt. Humphrey Boone were siblings.

Humphrey Boone was born about 1658 in Anne Arundel County, Maryland and died 20 November 1709 in Baltimore County, Maryland. He married Rebecca Burle. There is much more written about her brother Humphrey and his descendants.

The first grant of Provincial Maryland land to Captain Humphrey Boone was known as “Boone’s Adventure” and surveyed on 10 May 1672. This original tract of 160 acres was along the north bank of Rock Creek in the South Patapsco Hundred (later to become Baltimore County). Sometime between 1700 and 1709, this land was passed to another owner. The land known as “Burle’s Town Land” came into the Boone Family via his wife Rebecca Burle’s inheritance and was held by them for several generations.

He is listed as a Captain due to his military service. In 1692 he was commissioned in the Company of Foot, a part of the Anne Arundel County Militia.

Jane and Humphrey are thought to be the children of a Robert Boone, who died in Baltimore, Maryland, and possibly Ann ___.

Jane Boone married by 1678 in Colonial Maryland to John Armstrong. They either married in Anne Arundel or Baltimore County, Maryland. John Armstrong was born 1 January 1650 in Colonial Maryland, although there is a chance he was born in England or Scotland or shortly after his father arrived in Colonial America. He was the son of John Armstrong, who came to America in 1653, and was from what is called the Borderlands, the borderlands of England and Scotland. They were what is called Borderers, which is to say, inhabitants of the Anglo-Scottish borderlands, and so, hailing from Northern English counties such as Cumberland, Westmoreland, Northumberland, Yorkshire and Lancashire, and counties of the Scottish Lowlands, such as Ayrshire, Dumfriesshire, Roxburghshire, Berwickshire and Wigtownshire. They were early settlers in Colonial Maryland. They are found in the church records of All Hallows Parish, Anne Arundel, Maryland. John Armstrong died 9 July 1699 in Baltimore County, Maryland.

The land of John Armstrong was found in the North Side Gunpowder Hundred (which later became part of Baltimore County). This site explains quite well the description, details, and history of the Baltimore County Hundreds & Boundaries.

Location of Lowlands vs. Highlands of Scotland. Image from HOMEORIGINS.

We don’t know when exactly Jane died, but she was alive when her husband died in 1699. After his death, she married second to Abraham Taylor.

Boone Surname Meaning:

Boon in England has two likely origins: either it is a Norman import from the French word bon meaning “a good person” or from the placename Bohon in Normandy (Humphrey de Bohun had fought with William the Conqueror at the Battle of Hastings) or, if the name occurs in the north of England, it is a variant of bain and describes a tall lean person. The northern dialects preserved the long “a” sound, while in the south the “o” pronunciation was usual. (1 & 2)

Boon or Boone? The English have preferred Boon, the Americans Boone.

Boone in America could also have Dutch origins. Here the Dutch root was bone meaning “bean” and Boone would be a bean grower. (1)

Boon and Boone Surname Ancestry in England and America:

One early spelling was Bone or Bohun, such as the Roger Bone who was recorded in the Kent hundred rolls of 1273. Another was Bohun, found in the west country. A Bohun or Boone family was recorded in Taunton in Somerset during the 1400’s. (1)

Some of these Boones made it to America:

  1. A Boone family in Taunton gave rise to the 17th century London merchants John and Christopher Boone and the Boones of Calvert County, Maryland.
  2. The line from George Boone, born near Exeter in Devon around 1636, led to the frontiersman Daniel Boone. (See more about Daniel Boone’s line below).
  3. A third family from Dartmouth produced John and Thomas Boone, early immigrants to South Carolina, and the London merchant Charles Boone. Charles’s son Thomas Boone was a colonial governor in America in the 1760’s. Thomas Boon came to Virginia around 1663. His descendant General Daniel Boon, born in North Carolina in 1786, was one of the founders of Wake Forest College and a wealthy landowner with plantations in North Carolina and Mississippi. John Boone was onboard one of the ships that came to found the Charleston settlement in South Carolina in 1670. He too prospered. His family story was narrated in Mary Long’s 1990 book Fair Were Their Dreams. (1)

The principal British spelling has been Boon. The main Boon numbers in the 19th century were to be found in London and in the west country, in the southwest around Devon and in the northwest in Staffordshire, Cheshire, and Lancashire. (1)

One of the more well-known of the Boone family in America is that of the frontiersman Daniel Boone. He was born in 1734 into a Quaker family in Reading, Pennsylvania. His father Squire Boone had been a weaver from Devon who had come to America in 1713, seeking religious tolerance in Penn’s Pennsylvania. Daniel Boone’s later frontier exploits – as recounted in William Bogart’s 1858 book Daniel Boone and the Hunters of Kentucky. – made him one of America’s first folk heroes. Daniel’s grandson Alphonso migrated west to Oregon in 1847 and many Boone descendants are to be found there. (1)

I have not found a link between my Boone family and that of the ones discussed above, although it can be assumed their roots are to be found in England. The only DNA link I have found is to descendants of Jane’s brother Humphrey Boone.

Children of Jane Boone and John Armstrong:

Gen. George Amstrong Custer. A descendant of John Armstrong and Jane Boone.
  1. John Armstrong born 4 August 1679 in All Hallows Parish, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, and died 1735 in Baltimore, Maryland. He married 26 August 1714 in Baltimore, Maryland to Rebecca Hicks. She was the daughter of William Hicks. They are my direct ancestors.
  2. George Armstrong born 2 November 1681 in All Hallows Parish, Anne Arundel County, Maryland.
  3. Mary Armstrong born 5 December 1682 in All Hallows Parish, Anne Arundel County, Maryland.
  4. Robert Armstrong born 5 April 1688 in All Hallows Parish, Anne Arundel County, Maryland.
  5. Solomon Armstrong born 25 June 1689 in Anne Arundel County, Maryland, he died before24 November 1749 in Baltimore County (now Hartford County), Maryland. He married Mary ____. Gen. George Armstrong Custer is a descendant of this couple.
  6. Thomas Armstrong born 30 January 1692 in All Hallows Parish, Anne Arundel County, Maryland. He married before by 1720 to Frances ____. They have descendants.
  7. Henry Armstrong born 21 January 1695 in All Hallows Parish, Anne Arundel County, Maryland.

General George Armstrong Custer was given the middle name of Armstrong after his maternal great-grandmother Sarah Armstrong Rogers, who was a great-granddaughter of John Armstrong and Jane Boone.


  1. Boone Surname Meaning, History & Origin – select surnames website.
  2. Boone Name Meaning –

Additional Reading:

  1. Boone Bulletin: A Magazine of History and Genealogy, Volume 1, Issue 7
  2. Baltimore County Hundreds & Boundaries

If you use any information from my blog posts as a reference or source, please give credit and provide a link back to my work that you are referencing. Unless otherwise noted, my work is © Anna A. Kasper 2011-2023. All rights reserved. Thank you.

About Anna Kasper, ACDP

I am an avid Genealogist. I am currently a student at Phillips Theological Seminary (one of the few Catholics!). I am an ACDP - Associate of the Congregation of Divine Providence (Sisters of Divine Providence of Texas). If you are unfamiliar with what a Religious Associate (also called an Affiliate, Consociate, Oblate, Companion) is exactly, visit my about me page for more information. In community college, I majored in American Sign Language/Deaf Studies, and Interdisciplinary Studies when at university.
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